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According to Tim McGuine, UW Health Sports Medicine researcher, athletic trainer and lead author of the study, “Basketball has one of the highest rates for ankle injuries, and the study illustrates how a simple brace can keep an athlete on the court.” For parents, the research also supports the purchase of products they’ve been investing in for years — the ankle brace. “Parents were paying a substantial amount of money for a device that had never been proven effective,” said Alison Brooks, MD, MPH, assistant professor in the UW Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation. “Our results show that the benefits...

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Avoiding sudden jolting movements and rough running surfaces can help prevent knee injuries. Obesity adds pressure to the vulnerable knee joint, so weight reduction may help. Exercises considered better for the knees include small (not deep) knee bends and straightening motions – done while in supination with most weight on the outside of the foot. Sports that are easier on the knees include walking, swimming (flutter kicks, knees straight), skating, baseball, cross-country skiing, and, depending on the state of the knee, cycling (seat high, low gear, avoiding hills). Choose activities to suit your own knee strength and capacity, and remember...

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The ankle is a large joint made up of three bones: The shin bone (tibia) The thinner bone running next to the shin bone (fibula) A foot bone that sits above the heel bone (talus) The bony bumps (or protrusions) seen and felt on the ankle have their own names: The medial malleolus, felt on the inside of your ankle is part of the tibia’s base The posterior malleolus, felt on the back of your ankle is also part of the tibia’s base The lateral malleolus, felt on the outside of your ankle is the low end of the fibula...

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While there are four bones that come together at the knee, only the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone) form the joint itself. The head of the fibula (strut bone on the outside of the leg) provides some stability, and the patella (kneecap) helps with joint and muscle function. Movement and weight-bearing occur where the ends of the femur called the femoral condyles match up with the top flat surfaces of the tibia (tibial plateaus). There are two major muscle groups that are balanced and allow movement of the knee joint. When the quadriceps muscles on the front...

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Knee pain is an extremely common complaint, and there are many causes. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause. If you have knee pain, some common causes include: KNEE ARTHRITIS: Arthritis is among the most common causes of knee pain, and there are many treatments available. LIGAMENT INJURIES: Ligament injuries commonly occur during athletic activities and can cause discomfort and instability. ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (ACL) INJURY POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (PCL) INJURY MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (MCL) INJURY LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (LCL) INJURY CARTILAGE INJURIES...

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