Sport and exercise are extremely good for your health and well-being. They will improve your muscle tone, your energy levels and your general fitness and well-being. People who do regular activity have a lower risk of many persistent (chronic) diseases, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke and some cancers.
Research shows that physical activity can also boost self-esteem, mood, sleep quality and energy, as well as reducing your risk of stress, depression, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Physical activity of any sort does carry a risk of injury. Most people who take up regular sporting activity will only experience minor sports-related injuries. Sensible precautions can all help to reduce risks. For example:
There are only a few reasons why physical activity may be harmful. A common belief is that physical activity may be bad for the heart. On the contrary, physical activity is good for most people with heart disease provided they follow guidelines given by exercise specialists or health professionals. In general, if you gradually build up to do regular moderate-intensity physical activity, the potential benefits to your health will greatly outweigh the small risks involved.
Most sports injuries result from:
This leaflet looks at the common sports-related injuries seen both in non-professional and professional athletes, and how to prevent and manage them.
Injuries to the knee and thigh are particularly common in sports such as football which involve running and twisting. This can strain the strong supporting ligaments inside the knee, leading to:
This means pain in the front of the knee. It is common in teenagers and young sporty adults.